Research and Development

Research and Development

Many researches relating to community development were undertaken during the past three decades of OSVSWA’s existence in the field of social work. OSVSWA believes in implementation of any activity at the ground with prior and proper planning through detailed research on the matter, designing of appropriate implementation plan, model demonstration and its wider replication for adhering optimum output against the resources utilized.

Accessibility Needs Assessment Survey (ITDG)
A complete household survey was carried out in two phases in two different pockets of tribal villages in Odisha, where both random sampling study of households and village level survey was carried out by a professional, trained and qualified team and the assorted information was integrated and critically analyzed by highly experienced team of experts and consultants hired from concerned sources, which document was then published and widely disseminated among persuasive groups and institutions for extending interests in working on the concept.

Integrated Rural Accessibility Planning (ILO-ASIST/AP)
To introduce the integrated planning approach at the local authority (Local Government Unit) within the government planning process, an inclusive study was conducted in Khallikote Block of Ganjam District in Odisha. This comprehensive study emphasized rural accessibility issues that were neglected due to practice of non-participatory and non-prioritized planning process. The collected data were compiled and analyzed to find out accessibility problems faced by target groups. Within this process three different locations i.e. costal land villages, hilly land tribal villages and plan land villages were included to find out the definite concerns of people. The inimitable process of introducing a new approach of planning, that afterward followed with capacity building of PRI representatives, local authorities, local leaders to improvise quality of planning applying the IRAP approach.

Action at the Front Line (AFL)
Action at the Frontline is a program of work which extends Views from the Frontline by taking the surveys and consultations as a basis for promoting cycles of action, reflection and learning at community level on disaster risk reduction. It also builds on the learning which was captured in the 57 Action at the Frontline case studies produced in 2011 and which will be made accessible with a detailed thematic access as part of the program. OSVSWA is implementing the study in Kalasakhaman Gram Panchayat of Daspalla Block (a tribal dominated block of Nayagarh disitct) and Sisua Gram Panchayat of Puri district. The study is funded by the GNDR.

Study on Urban Sanitation Landscape in Orissa
About 48% of urban households in the state of Odisha do not have access to toilet. The level of access to sanitation is even lower in the urban slums. The impact of unsafe sanitation conditions and behavior is particularly severe on the urban poor, women and children. Besides poverty, lack of tenure, housing and environmental conditions in slum constrains the urban poor households from gaining access to safe sanitation.

There are nine ULBs in Odisha with a population over 100,000 viz. Bhubaneswar, Cuttack, Puri, Sambalpur, Balasore, Berhampur, Baripada, Rourkela and Bhadrak. Housing and Urban Development Department (H&UDD) of the Govt. of Odisha has prepared an action plan for providing sanitation coverage in all urban areas of the state and making the cities open defecation free by 2020. A study on urban sanitation landscape has been carried out by OSVSWA with the objective (a) develop a study on urban landscape for Odisha in finding gaps and bottlenecks in the program plans and implementation, and (b) bring out relevant and suitable programmatic and technological alternatives. The study was supported by Practical Action (an UK based charity)

Community Governance in infrastructure services (Practical Action)
A baseline document was prepared by OSVSWA of Daspalla block emphasizing demography, poverty situation, infrastructure services availability, stakeholders/service provider of such infrastructure, existence of PRI and their role in infrastructure creation, decision makers and other stakeholders who directly or indirectly are involved in infrastructure development activities in daspalla block. Secondary source of information were referred for such purpose although in few cases information was collected through visiting to the people.

Block level infrastructure development plan
A participatory infrastructure development Plan document was prepared for Daspalla Block through an in-depth study from the information available from secondary sources. This participatory planning process included Gram Panchayat level awareness generation on importance of each one’s participation in development mainstream, plan preparation sitting with the people in general, data integration, Block level validation, reference of Panchayat plans. This inimitable planning process is an initiative, which would widely be replicated through out with being networked with service providers. Needy community therefore could easily be accessed to the infrastructure facilities and services.

Programme development
OSVSWA in collaboration with Practical Action South Asia Regional Office and in partnership with 3 other NGOs have made an integrated accumulative study in 3 Blocks of Odisha. This detailed study was analyzed critically by team of experts of OSVSWA, Practical Action and others to find out acute situation of the poor communities and drafted recommendations for challenging the concerns. This research was followed with action through intervention within the targeted Blocks i.e. Daspalla, Gop and Slums within Bhubaneswar Municipality, within which many activities like: renovation of water points, rehabilitation of water body, reconstruction of road networks including repair of culverts and causeways, provision of waste management tanks (Dust Bins), water tanks, capacity building on many skills etc. The process so far produced a concrete plan document highlighting problems, extensive recommendations for further implementations.

Eliciting ecstasy among marginalized and socially neglected women
Women are neglected within the social practice of rural Indian societies even after experiencing women’s success in various sectors not only in India but around the globe. Practices of such negligence towards women are still a concern for each of the development thinker. Situation remains unaltered for years. Looking at few heart-rending examples, OSVSWA conducted a study in Daspalla to know the real condition of such women, who are neglected in many ways, they are: widowed, orphaned, unmarried adults who due to many reason has lost hope of marriage, women who are not accepted by the husband or in-laws de to many reasons etc.

Using the said information that was gathered through study was framed into a concept highlighting integrated approaches that could be instigated for promoting entrepreneurial abilities among the neglected to come out of such circumstances. Non-motorized, locally affordable, acceptable, usable, locally repairable Intermediate Means of Transport (IMTs) like: Tri-cycle trolley with career on, Pushing trolley and Bi-cycle trailer were designed by the expert team with lot study on the matter and introduced the same into the community for easing transportation of lot produces from their farm land to homestead, from home to local market or else to the business point. This has radically reduced the height of kilo kilometers of the local people to sale their produces and earn some.

Adopting revolving fund fundamentals and installment in payback of loans, a number of Bi-cycles were availed to the people who were failing paying total amount strait away to acquire a bi-cycle which is a bare need for the local inhabitants.